[1] LEE W J, PATTERSON D J.Diversity and geographic distribution of free-living heterotrophic flagellates-analysis by PRIMER[J].Protist, 1998, 149(3):229-244.  doi: 10.1016/S1434-4610(98)70031-8
[2] CORLISS J O, PATTERSON D J, LARSEN J.The biology of free-living heterotrophic flagellates[J].Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 1992, 111(3):267-268.  doi: 10.2307/3226616
[3] WEISSE T, MÜLLER H.Planktonic protozoa and the microbial food web in Lake Constance[J].Lake Constance:Characterization of an Ecosystem in Transition, 1998, 53:223-254.
[4] GIEBELHAUSEN B, LAMPERT W.Temperature reaction norms of Daphnia magna:the effect of food concentration[J].Freshwater Biology, 2001, 46(3):281-289.  doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.2001.00630.x
[5] WEISSE T, STADLER P, LINDSTRÖM E S, et al.Interactive effect of temperature and food concentration on growth rate:a test case using the small freshwater ciliate Urotricha farcta[J].Limnology and Oceanography, 2002, 47(5):1447-1455.  doi: 10.4319/lo.2002.47.5.1447
[6] BRETELER W C M K, SCHOGT N, BAAS M, et al.Trophic upgrading of food quality by protozoans enhancing copepod growth:role of essential lipids[J].Marine Biology, 1999, 135(1):191-198.  doi: 10.1007/s002270050616
[7] MÜLLER-NAVARRA D C, BRETT M T, PARK S, et al.Unsaturated fatty acid content in seston and tropho-dynamic coupling in lakes[J].Nature, 2004, 427(6969):69-72.  doi: 10.1038/nature02210
[8] KOSKI M, BRETELER W K, SCHOGT N.Effect of food quality on rate of growth and development of the pelagic copepodPseudocalanus elongatus (Copepoda, Calanoida)[J].Marine Ecology Progress Series, 1998, 170:169-187.  doi: 10.3354/meps170169
[9] TANG K W, JAKOBSEN H H, VISSER A W.Phaeocystis globosa (Prymnesiophyceae) and the planktonic food web:feeding, growth, and trophic interactions among grazers[J].Limnology and Oceanography, 2001, 46(8):1860-1870.  doi: 10.4319/lo.2001.46.8.1860
[10] LACOSTE A, POULET S A, CUEFF A, et al.New evidence of the copepod maternal food effects on reproduction[J].Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2001, 259(1):85-107.  doi: 10.1016/S0022-0981(01)00224-6
[11] BROGLIO E, JÓNASDÓTTIR S H, CALBET A, et al.Effect of heterotrophic versus autotrophic food on feeding and reproduction of the calanoid copepodAcartia tonsa:relationship with prey fatty acid composition[J].Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 2003, 31(3):267-278.

GUILLARD R R L.Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates[M]//SMITH W L, CHANLEY M H.Culture of marine Invertebrate Animals.Boston, MA: Springer, 1975: 29-60.

[13] O'HALLORAN C, SILVER M W, HOLMAN T R, et al.Heterosigma akashiwo in central California waters[J].Harmful Algae, 2006, 5(2):124-132.  doi: 10.1016/j.hal.2005.06.009
[14] ROUSSEAU V, MATHOT S, LANCELOT C.Calculating carbon biomass of Phaeocystis sp.from microscopic observations[J].Marine Biology, 1990, 107(2):305-314.  doi: 10.1007/BF01319830
[15] ADMIRAAL W, BOUWMAN L A, HOEKSTRA L, et al.Qualitative and quantitative interactions between microphytobenthos and herbivorous meiofauna on a brackish intertidal mudflat[J].Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 1983, 68(2):175-191.  doi: 10.1002/iroh.19830680203
[16] DODGE J D, CRAWFORD R M.Fine structure of the dinoflagellateOxyrrhis marina II.The flagellar system[J].Protistologica, 1971, 7:399-409.
[17] FROST B W.Effects of size and concentration of food particles on the feeding behavior of the marine planktonic copepod calanus pacificus[J].Limnology and Oceanography, 1972, 17(6):805-815.  doi: 10.4319/lo.1972.17.6.0805
[18] FENCHEL T.Protozoan filter feeding[J].Progress in Protistology, 1986, 1:65-113.
[19] HANSEN P J.Prey size selection, feeding rates and growth dynamics of heterotrophic dinoflagellates with special emphasis on Gyrodinium spirale[J].Marine Biology, 1992, 114(2):327-334.  doi: 10.1007/BF00349535

TARRAN G A.Aspects of grazing behaviour of the marine dinoflagellateOxyrrhis marina, Dujardin[D].Soton: University of Southampton, 1991.

[21] VELOZA A J, CHU F L E, TANG K W.Trophic modification of essential fatty acids by heterotrophic protists and its effects on the fatty acid composition of the copepodAcartia tonsa[J].Marine Biology, 2006, 148(4):779-788.  doi: 10.1007/s00227-005-0123-1

SARGENT J R, WHITTLE K J.Lipids and hydrocarbons in the marine food web[M]//LONGHURST A R.Analysis of Marine Ecosystems.London: Academic Press, 1981: 491-533.