[1] HUANG Y, SHI Q Z, SONG A.  Model test study of the interaction between ice and a compliant vertical narrow structure[J]. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 2007, 49(2): 151-160.   doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2007.01.004
[2] YANG G J.  Bohai sea ice conditions[J]. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 2000, 14(2): 54-67.   doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0887-381X(2000)14:2(54)
[3] LI Z J, KANG J C, PU Y B.  Fabric and crystal characteristics of Bohai and Arctic sea ice[J]. Chinese Journal of Polar Science, 2002, 13(1): 23-28.
[4] 马玉贤, 关 湃, 许 宁, 等.  辽东湾海洋工程可靠性设计的海冰参数选取[J]. 海洋工程, 2019, 37(3): 136-142.
[5] LI N, MAKI T, HAYAKAWA S, et al.  Relationship between sea ice thickness and temperature in Bohai Sea of China[J]. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 2005, 50(1): 165-173.   doi: 10.5109/4634
[6] MAYKUT G A, UNTERSTEINER N.  Some results from a time-dependent thermodynamic model of sea ice[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 1971, 76(6): 1550-1575.   doi: 10.1029/JC076i006p01550
[7] 程 斌.  一维海冰热力模式的守恒型差分格式和数值模拟[J]. 海洋通报, 1996, 15(4): 8-16.
[8] CHENG B, LAUNIANEN J, VIHMA T.  Modelling of superimposed ice formation and sub-surface melting in the Baltic Sea[J]. Geophysica, 2003, 39(1/2): 31-50.
[9] CHENG B, VIHMA T, PIRAZZINI R, et al.  Modelling of superimposed ice formation during the spring snowmelt period in the Baltic Sea[J]. Annals of Glaciology, 2006, 44: 139-146.   doi: 10.3189/172756406781811277
[10] CHENG B, ZHANG Z H, VIHMA T, et al.  Model experiments on snow and ice thermodynamics in the Arctic Ocean with CHINARE 2003 data[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2008, 113(C9): C09020-.
[11] CHENG B, VIHMA T, RONTU L, et al.  Evolution of snow and ice temperature, thickness and energy balance in Lake Orajärvi, northern Finland[J]. Tellus A:Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 2014, 66(1): 21564-.   doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v66.21564
[12] CHENG B, VIHMA T, PALO T, et al.  Observation and modelling of snow and sea ice mass balance and its sensitivity to atmospheric forcing during spring and summer 2007 in the Central Arctic[J]. Advances in Polar Science, 2021, 32(4): 312-326.
[13] WANG C X, CHENG B, WANG K G, et al.  Modelling snow ice and superimposed ice on landfast sea ice in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard[J]. Polar Research, 2015, 34: 20828-.   doi: 10.3402/polar.v34.20828
[14] LAUNIAINEN J, CHENG B.  Modelling of ice thermodynamics in natural water bodies[J]. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 1998, 27(3): 153-178.   doi: 10.1016/S0165-232X(98)00009-3
[15] YAN Y, UOTILA P, HUANG K Y, et al.  Variability of sea ice area in the Bohai Sea from 1958 to 2015[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 709: 136164-.   doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136164
[16] MÄKYNEN M, KARVONEN J, CHENG B, et al.  Operational service for mapping the Baltic sea landfast ice properties[J]. Remote Sensing, 2020, 12(24): 4032-.   doi: 10.3390/rs12244032
[17] KARVONEN J, CHENG B, VIHMA T, et al.  A method for sea ice thickness and concentration analysis based on SAR data and a thermodynamic model[J]. The Cryosphere, 2012, 6(6): 1507-1526.   doi: 10.5194/tc-6-1507-2012
[18] 吴辉碇, 白 珊.  海冰动力学过程的数值模拟[J]. 海洋学报, 1998, 20(02): 1-13.
[19] HUANG Y.  Model test study of the nonsimultaneous failure of ice before wide conical structures[J]. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 2010, 63(3): 87-96.   doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.06.004
[20] SODHI D S.  Crushing failure during ice–structure interaction[J]. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2001, 68(17/18): 1889-1921.
[21] SCHULSON E M.  Brittle failure of ice[J]. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2001, 68(17/18): 1839-1887.
[22] 季顺迎, 岳前进.  渤海海冰特征厚度分析[J]. 海洋学报, 2000, 22(6): 117-123.
[23] 季顺迎, 岳前进, 毕祥军.  辽东湾JZ20–2海域海冰参数的概率分布[J]. 海洋工程, 2002, 20(3): 39-43.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-9865.2002.03.007
[24]

吴辉碇. 渤海海冰设计作业条件[M]. 北京: 海洋出版社, 2001.

[25] 段忠东, 杨冀东, 欧进萍, 等.  渤海及黄海北部年极值冰厚概率分布的统计分析[J]. 黄渤海海洋, 2000, 18(3): 34-40.
[26] 刘永青, 李辉辉, 史文奇, 等.  单层平整冰厚设计条件推算方法的比较——以辽东湾JZ20-2海域为例[J]. 海洋环境科学, 2017, 36(6): 941-946.
[27] GONG D Y, KIM S J, HO C H.  Arctic Oscillation and ice severity in the Bohai Sea, East Asia[J]. International Journal of Climatology, 2007, 27(10): 1287-1302.   doi: 10.1002/joc.1470
[28] OUYANG L X, HUI F M, ZHU L X, et al.  The spatiotemporal patterns of sea ice in the Bohai Sea during the winter seasons of 2000–2016[J]. International Journal of Digital Earth, 2019, 12(5): 893-909.
[29] YAN Y, SHAO D D, GU W, et al.  Multidecadal anomalies of Bohai Sea ice cover and potential climate driving factors during 1988–2015[J]. Environmental Research Letters, 2017, 12(9): 094014-.   doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa8116
[30] MA Y X, CHENG B, XU N, et al.  Long-term ice conditions in Yingkou, a coastal region northeast of the Bohai Sea, between 1951/1952 and 2017/2018: Modeling and Observations[J]. Remote Sensing, 2022, 14(1): 182-.   doi: 10.3390/rs14010182