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Volume 34 Issue 2
Mar.  2015
Article Contents

Citation:

The evolution and driving mechanism of landscape pattern in islands during rapid urbanization: A case study of Dachangshan Island

  • Received Date: 2014-07-31
    Accepted Date: 2014-10-15
  • Urbanization is one of the primary factors that contribute to the variations of regional landscape (e.g. landscape structure and landscape pattern). Landscape ecological analysis of two-phase landscape distribution in Dachangshan Island provided estimates of the local dynamic changes between 1995 and 2006. Simulation of the landscape pattern as well as the relative dynamic mechanism in 2017 was then conducted on the basis of these data through CA-Markov model. The result showed that the landscape pattern in Dachangshan Island modified from natural into artificial between 1995 and 2006 with the process of urbanization, which was characterized by the shrink of the farmlands, grasslands, commercial areas, industrial areas (include mining areas) and the increase of garden lands, water facilities, residential quarters, public service areas, etc. In addition, simulation indicated the changes between 2006 and 2017 was mainly displayed as the decrease of farmlands, grasslands, garden lands in the focus area and the increase of other lands, but neither the increase rate nor the shrink rate plunged in this period.
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  • [1] 肖笃宁.景观生态学研究进展[M].长沙:湖南科学技术出版社, 1999:1-7.[2]韩文权, 常 禹, 胡远满, 等.景观格局优化研究进展[J].生态学杂志, 2005, 24(12):1487-1492.[5]FORMAN R T T.Land mosaics:the ecology of landscapes and regions[M].Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1995:85-89.[6]李月臣, 宫 鹏, 陈 晋, 等.中国北方13省土地利用景观格局变化分析(1989-1999)[J].水土保持学报, 2005, 19(5):143-146.[7]王小丹, 陈斌如, 高 攀, 等.青藏高原东缘贡嘎山地区土地利用与景观格局演变[J].北京林业大学学报, 2005, 27(3):40-45.[8]Compilation Committee of Chinese Island.China island records(liaoning volume book one)[M].Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2013:51-52.[9]赵建军, 张洪岩, 乔志和, 等.基于CA-Markov模型的向海湿地土地覆被变化动态模拟研究[J].自然资源学报, 2009, 24(12):2178-2186.[10]傅伯杰, 陈利顶.景观多样性的类型及其生态意义[J].地理学报, 1996, 16(5):454-461.[12]刘 明, 王克林.洞庭湖流域中上游地区景观格局变化及其驱动力[J].应用生态学报, 2008, 19(6):1317-1324.[13]宫兆宁, 张翼然, 宫辉力, 等.北京湿地景观格局演变特征与驱动机制分析[J].地理学报, 2011, 66(1):77-88.[15]布仁仓, 常 禹, 胡远满, 等.基于Kappa系数的景观变化测度以辽宁省中部城市群为例[J].生态学报, 2005, 25(4):778-784.
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The evolution and driving mechanism of landscape pattern in islands during rapid urbanization: A case study of Dachangshan Island

  • 1. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China;
  • 2. The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China

Abstract: Urbanization is one of the primary factors that contribute to the variations of regional landscape (e.g. landscape structure and landscape pattern). Landscape ecological analysis of two-phase landscape distribution in Dachangshan Island provided estimates of the local dynamic changes between 1995 and 2006. Simulation of the landscape pattern as well as the relative dynamic mechanism in 2017 was then conducted on the basis of these data through CA-Markov model. The result showed that the landscape pattern in Dachangshan Island modified from natural into artificial between 1995 and 2006 with the process of urbanization, which was characterized by the shrink of the farmlands, grasslands, commercial areas, industrial areas (include mining areas) and the increase of garden lands, water facilities, residential quarters, public service areas, etc. In addition, simulation indicated the changes between 2006 and 2017 was mainly displayed as the decrease of farmlands, grasslands, garden lands in the focus area and the increase of other lands, but neither the increase rate nor the shrink rate plunged in this period.

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